Environment And Sustainable Development – Indian Economy

Environment And Sustainable Development

environment is defined as all those conditions and their effects which influence human life. It is the sum total of surrounding and the facility of resources that affect our existence and the quality of our life

                               OR

Environment is sum total of biotic and abiotic

 

Environment And Sustainable Development

 

Importance or significance of environment

1. Provide resources

2. Assimilates waste

3. Sustains life

4. Enhance the quality of life

 

Carrying capacity of environment

 

1. Exploitation of resources does not exceed the regeneration of resources so that the resources  in document is not exhausted of depleted

2. Generation of wastes does not exceed the absorption capacity of environment so that environment is not polluted

Also Read  Economic Reforms 1991 Or New Economic Policy

 

Reasons of environment crisis

 

1. Increase population

2. Excessive use of natural resources

3. Industrial waste

4. Deforestation

5. And many examples

 

Many reasons of environmental crisis you think better than any others

 

 Two basic problem related to environment

 

1. Problem of pollution

    a. Air pollution.

    b. Water pollution

    c. Noise pollution

 

2. Problem of excessive use of natural resources/ degradation of natural resources/exploitation of natural resources

    a. Deforestation.

    b. Degradation of soil

 

How to save environment?

 

1. Social awareness

2. Population control

3. Afforestation

4. Control over Industrial and agricultural pollution

5. Water management

 

Sustainable development

 

Sustainable development is that process of economic development which aims at raising the quality of life of both present and future generation, without threatening natural environment and the environment

 

Features of sustainable development

 

1. Sustained rise in real per capita income and economic welfare

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2. Not excessive rational use of natural resources

3. Check on pollution

 

Strategies for sustainable development

1. Use of environment friendly sources of energy  (LPG and CNG)

2. Input efficient Technology

3. Use of non conventional source of energy

4. Public means of transport

5. Manage to wastes

6. Organic farming

 

Conclusion: In this article we learn that ‘Environment And Sustainable Development’. This Article Is Very Important For All students who adopt ‘Indian Economy’ Subject.

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